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Serengeti National Park

  • Wildebeest migrating
  • Lion on a game drive in serengeti
  • Wildebeests migrating in Serengeti National Park Tanzania

Serengeti National Park is a vast national park that spans the Kenya-Tanzania border due to its location in northern Tanzania and southern Kenya. It covers 14,763 square kilometres and has over 1,500,000 hectares (3,700,000 acres) of pristine savanna. It was founded in 1940. In March 2021, TripAdvisor named this park the greatest in the world. Ancient Maasai people gave the park its name, “Siringet,” which translates to “endless wide plains.”

The splendour of the scenery is mesmerizing.

Although the Serengeti National Park has grassy plains, woodlands, and shrub savannahs that are subject to periodic flooding, the park is most known for its grasslands. After a good rainy season, the landscape becomes green and is dotted with wildflowers, while during the dry season it is a brilliant golden colour. It has adapted well to the constant grazing that characterises the Serengeti, making it a veritable paradise for huge herbivores. Every once in a while, the endless horizon is broken up by kopjes (rocky outcrops) that are older than 2.5 billion years.

A total of at least 35,000 km2 is devoted to protected areas in the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, including the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the Loliondo Game Controlled Area, the Ikorongo Game Controlled Area, the Grumeti Game Controlled Area, the Maswa Game Reserve, and the South Kenyan Masai Mara National Reserve. An “island” of 27,000 square kilometres sits in its centre, and almost no animals ever leave it.

The Great Migration, the most spectacular natural event on Earth, occurs in the Serengeti. The gnu antelope, or wildebeest (which literally translates to “wild cattle” in Afrikaans), is the undeniable star of the show. Hundreds of thousands of calves are born in the month of February, just weeks before the annual migration north begins. Even though there isn’t enough food for the 15,000 newborns who appear on peak days to escape the pursuit of waiting cheetahs, leopards, and lions,

You will never forget the sight of millions of wildebeest, zebra, and gazelle congregating in one area. During their yearly trek north, they sprint over grassy plains, dive headfirst into rushing rivers, and are relentlessly pursued by scavengers. The Serengeti is a World Heritage Site and a biosphere reserve. It is also thought to be one of the New Seven Wonders of Africa.

With over 11,000 elephants, 12,000 giraffes, and 350 cheetahs, the Serengeti is home to some of the most impressive wildlife watching in Africa, even without the migratory gazelle, wildebeest, and zebra. Hyraxes, which are the size of cats, are often seen roaming the kopjes. In addition to rhinos, aardwolves, and the rare serval cat, all three species of African jackals have been seen.

Early morning game drives are made more magical by the abundance of birds. Now is the most eclectic part of their performance. A total of 520 species, including both common and rare endemics, may be found in this region.

The epic trek: a search for greener pastures and cleaner water The one million wildebeests travel around 800 kilometres each year. From around November until about May, they spend most of their time grazing in the southeast region of the habitat. When the grasses dry up in the Masai Mara, the herds migrate to the western Serengeti for the months of June and July before continuing their trek north.

Wildebeest aren’t the only animals that migrate, however; large herds of zebra and even Thomson’s gazelle often accompany the wildebeest. Grant’s gazelles also migrate, but over shorter distances and without much help from other animals.

The wildebeest migration’s path and timing are unknown. Allow at least three days if you want to make sure you see them, and more time if you want to make sure you see the major predators as well. Between November and May is when you have the greatest opportunity of seeing the migration.

Humans have just recently appeared in the Serengeti-Mara region, but the environment there has likely been in place for at least a million years. In the latter part of the 18th century, the nomadic Maasai people and their livestock began to arrive. Berhard Grzimek, a German naturalist, and his son Michael wrote the book Serengeti darf nicht sterben (“Serengeti shall not die”) in 1959. This book told the rest of the world about the Serengeti.